Volcanic Tuff/Red Pumice

Volcanic Tuff is a type of igneous rock that occurs as a result of a violent volcanic eruption. The volcano shoots rock, ash, magma, and other elements from its vent during these eruptions. This ejecta flies through the air before crashing back to Earth in the volcano’s vicinity. The ejected material will be called “tuff” if it is compacted and cemented into a rock.

“Tuff” is a generic term for a variety of materials. The only stipulation is that the materials must be ejecta from a volcanic explosion. It can be made up of a variety of materials and can comprise shards ranging in size from dust to boulders.

It is often thickest near the volcanic vent and thins off as you get further away from the volcano. The thickest is on the vent’s downwind side or on the side where the explosion was directed.

Their deposits can be hundreds of meters thick and have eruptive volumes in the millions of cubic miles. This massive thickness can result from a single eruptive blast or, more typically, many surges of a single eruption – or eruptions separated by lengthy periods of time.


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